作者 | 深圳鼎益丰马小秋
The author | Ma Xiaoqiu
此次美国之行，在友人的帮助之下，我又结识了一些新的美国朋友。令人印象深刻的是，此次结识的新朋友所谈论的话题最多的就是关于《易经》，其中Michael Jaliman （麦克·嘉里曼）是一位学养深厚的资深咨询顾问，毕业于哈佛商学院，他特地送给我一本他读了长达十多年的英文版《易经》，此书由哈佛大学出版。
With the help of my friends, I got to know some Americans during the trip to the US. It is most impressive that the new friends I made during the trip were frequently talking about I Ching. Among these friends, Michael Jaliman is a senior consultant who graduated from the Business School of Harvard University. He has quite deep cultivation in I Ching and sent me an English version of the book which is published by the Harvard University Press.
With the thick old book at hand, I experienced no peace while talking with Michael. For decades, we Chinese people see the book as an unexplainable mystery, thus attempts to read and comprehend are abandoned. Some people even treat it as superstition and despise it. However, they, as foreigners, keep studying it with perseverance. As for I Ching, I want to talk about some of my understanding here.
I Ching was created by Fu Hsi six thousand years ago. In this book, he elaborated eight kinds of objects related to human beings with “yin” (–) and “yang” (-). The relationships between human beings and the eights objects are shown in the Eight Diagrams, telling human beings they should obey the rules of the nature.
Later, folks suffered from the brutality and immorality of King Zhou of Shang. King Wen of Zhou, being Xibo Marquis then, was oppressed by King Zhou. With his accumulated wisdom in practice, he interpreted I Ching with explanations to divinatory symbols (Gua) and linear judgments (Yao) so that he escaped from the oppression of King Zhou in the end. His interpretation of I Ching promoted the concept of universal order and enabled people to further learn about the unity of heaven and man.
Five hundred years later, Confucius further combined the universal order and human rules on the basis of the theory of King Wen and emphasized the importance of moral practice. Therefore, “As nature’s movement is ever vigorous, so must a gentleman keep improving himself; as the earth is strong and vast, so must a gentleman be generous and tolerant to bear all things”. This is where the great significance of “Ten Wings” of Confucius lies.
I Ching talks about the wisdom of unity of heaven and man. So what is the meaning of unity of heaven and man? And what is heaven? The Heaven has no shape, form, color, taste, or boundaries. The blue sky and the white cloud floating in the air are merely physical phenomena we see with our eyes. The ancient sages have told us that “The heaven means Tao”. I Ching explains the relationships among the heaven, man, and the earth. The unity of heaven and man refers to the harmonious coexistence of the nature and man. All changes in the nature are manifestations created during the interactions between yin and yang, and the heaven and man.
I Ching predicts the future by commanding the changes of the future through the chain reactions of images, numbers, and reasons so that effective approaches can be figured out to pursue good fortune and avoid disasters. We can get to know the results of changes through analyzing the phenomena and data. Thus it proves the scientific nature and practical utility of I Ching.
编辑 | 黎嘉雯 翻译 | 优译宝 图片 | 网络